Table 1

Registered nurses reported barriers to research utilization (percentage of registered nurses' scoring 3 or 4 on the BARRIERS scale).

Subscale/item

Rank order

Total (n = 140)


Nurse (mean and SD)

2.19 ± 0.56

The nurse is isolated from knowledgeable colleagues with whom to discuss the research (n = 123)

1

89%

There is not a documented need to change practice (n = 96)

17

41%

The nurse does not feel capable of evaluating the research (n = 114)

19

39%

The nurse sees little benefit for self(n = 120)

21

33%

The nurse does not see the value of research for practice (n = 119)

22

30%

The nurse feels the benefits of changing practice will be minimal (n = 91)

24

28%

The nurse is unaware of the research (n = 132)

25

25%

The nurse is unwilling to change/try new ideas (n = 135)

28

19%

Setting (mean and SD)

2.71 ± 0.52

The facilities are inadequate for implementation (n = 124)

2

88%

The nurse does not have time to read research (n = 131)

5

79%

There is insufficient time on the job to implement new ideas (n = 127)

6

70%

Other staff are not supportive of implementation (n = 81)

9

63%

The nurse does not feel she/he has enough authority to change patient care procedures (n = 124)

13

50%

Physicians will not cooperate with implementation (n = 61)

14

46%

The nurse feels results are not generalizable to own setting (n = 113)

16

41%

Administration will not allow implementation (n = 70)

27

23%

Research (mean and SD)

2.17 ± 0.66

The research has not been replicated (n = 56)

10

57%

Research reports/articles are not published fast enough (n = 50)

12

52%

The literature reports conflicting results (n = 59)

20

37%

The nurse is uncertain whether to believe the results of the research (n = 108)

23

30%

The research has methodological inadequacies (n = 56)

26

23%

The conclusions drawn from the research are not justified (n = 81)

30

13%

Presentation (mean and SD)

2.62 ± 0.58

The relevant literature is not compiled in one place (n = 112)

3

81%

Research reports/articles are not readily available (n = 133)

4

80%

Implications for practice are not made clear (n = 121)

7

67%

The statistical analyses are not understandable (n = 125)

11

55%

The research is not reported clearly and readably (n = 90)

15

43%

The research is not relevant to the nurse's practice (n = 131)

29

17%

No subscale/extra items

Research reports/articles are written in English (n = 130)

8

64%

The amount of research information is overwhelming (n = 93)

18

40%


Boström et al. Implementation Science 2008 3:24   doi:10.1186/1748-5908-3-24

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